Inflammation of the prostate in a chronic form occurs in one in two men after 40 years. To get rid of it, patients resort to various methods. But only the treatment of prostatitis with drugs is reasonable and appropriate.
Therapy is based on antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The course is supplemented with immunostimulants, pain relievers, bioregulatory peptides, vitamins, herbal remedies, etc. In most cases, prostatitis can be eliminated at home, on prescription from the attending physician.
Why are antibiotics needed for prostatitis?
There are several forms of prostatitis:
- chronic aseptic,
- chronic bacterial,
- chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Whether or not bacteria are entering the prostate, the global urological community recommends the use of antibiotics.
The main groups of antibacterial drugs are:
A feature of fluoroquinolones is good permeability in prostate tissue, high bioavailability.
At the same time, there is no difference in how to inject the drug: inside, intramuscularly or intravenously, the effectiveness will be the same. For these properties, fluoroquinolones have become popular among doctors, they are widely used to suppress prostatitis with drugs.
Tetracyclines are used when the doctor suspects the presence of atypical forms of bacteria. This can be confirmed by culture of prostatic secretions and examination of urethral smears. Tetracyclines are rarely used due to their high specificity.
Macrolides are drugs used for gram-positive flora.
Antibiotics from this group are effective in the presence of pathogens such as:
To determine how to treat prostatitis and which antibiotic is better to choose, you need to submit the secret of the prostate to research. The analysis will confirm the presence of inflammation. Once the liquid is inoculated on a nutrient medium, it will be clear which antibiotic is active in this case.
The duration of treatment is determined by periodic examination of the juice from the prostate. Usually the course lasts 2-4 weeks, but may be extended depending on the results of the tests.
Pain relief with NSAIDs
Most patients with prostatitis complain of pain.
It can be localized in the following parts of the body:
- the iliac region (lower abdomen),
This symptom leads men to seek medical attention. Therefore, drug treatment of prostatitis is supplemented with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSAIDs locally relieve inflammation, edema, improve blood circulation. As a result, the pain syndrome is eliminated. Long-lasting effect can be achieved by taking NSAIDs only in combination with other drugs.
Means that improve the quality of urination
Dysuric disorders are a common complaint of men with prostatitis.
During the interview, the following symptoms can be identified:
- frequent trips to the toilet,
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder,
- slow urine flow,
- a mixture of blood in the urine,
- cramps when urinating,
- envy when changing body position,
- nocturnal acts of urination, etc.
All of these signs of the disease significantly reduce the quality of life of patients. You can get rid of it by using alpha blockers.
The effectiveness of funds is based on the effect on the muscular elements of the bladder, its neck and the initial sections of the urethra.
By using alpha blockers you can achieve the following changes:
- shorten the time of urination,
- reduce the number of trips to the toilet,
- get rid of getting up at night,
- improve the pressure of the urine stream, etc.
It is necessary to use the funds of this group for a long time. Urologists recommend six months of treatment. This helps to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Herbal medicine is an integral part of the treatment
Recently, phytopreparations have started to be included in the treatment of inflammation of the prostate. They have a number of advantages over products of chemical origin, including:
- relative harmlessness,
- the minimum number of side effects,
- the possibility of use for people with hepatic and renal insufficiency,
- availability, etc. . .
Well-known preparations include extracts from plants. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effects. It helps relieve swelling, which means eliminating pain and improving urination.
The main advantage of phytopreparations is the possibility of their long-term use. This fact is especially relevant for patients with frequent relapses of the disease.
By using herbal remedies, men proceed to the prevention of exacerbations. At home, you can independently prepare the fees for the treatment of male pathology.
Other remedies for prostatitis
Complex medical treatment for prostatitis may include the following drugs:
- bioregulatory peptides,
- vitamin complexes,
- muscle relaxants,
The combination of drugs is different. The decision on the appointment of certain funds is taken by the attending physician.
The average duration of active treatment for an exacerbation episode is 1 month.
Whatever drugs are prescribed, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor. You can not leave the course, even if the symptoms of the disease have disappeared.
Prostatitis often recurs. Its treatment should be carried out under the supervision of laboratory diagnostics and ultrasound. In this case, you can get the maximum result.