Prostatitis is the most common disease in men. Previously, this disease was mainly affected by men whose age exceeded the 50-year mark. But now even the very young representatives of a solid statistic are afflicted with it. In the article we will tell you all about prostatitis: we will tell you about the causes of the disease, its symptoms and how to deal with it.
The structure and location of the prostate
The prostate (prostate gland) is a very important organ, it is on it that "male" health depends.
The prostate is an unpaired organ with a fairly dense and elastic consistency.
The prostate is made up of connective tissue, muscle fibers, and connective cells. Inside there are also ducts that pass seminal fluid.
The organ is divided into several parts. The lower part connects to the muscles of the perineum. The smooth upper surface is adjacent to the bladder.
The organ consists of two lobes closely linked to each other by an isthmus.It is the isthmus that plays an important role in age-related gland problems. The fact is that with age it thickens and increases in size, compressing the urinary tract.This disrupts the normal flow of urine in the body.
The prostate is located below the bladder. The gland depends on the production of hormones, so it constantly changes in size with age. In a newborn baby, the organ is usually in its infancy and weighs no more than a few grams. In adolescence, iron begins to rapidly increase in size, it grows up to 22-24 years.
At an older age, the prostate changes again, slightly increasing in size. If during this period the organ increases significantly, it is called a disease called adenoma of the prostate, or benign glandular hyperplasia. This disease is a pathology and affects the normal flow of urine.
Important!In a middle-aged man, the gland should be about 30mm in length and width and 20mm in thickness.
Small deviations up or down are also normal.
The prostate is responsible for the reproductive function and the normal flow of urine.
There are different classifications of functions. Thus, the internal function of the gland is to produce hormones, on which the work of the whole organism as a whole depends.
The external function is to produce prostatic secretion, which represents 30% of the composition of semen.
Prostate muscle tissue is responsible for passing prostatic juice through the ducts, and glandular function is responsible for producing the same juice.
The gland also protects the genitals from various bacteria and urinary tract infections.
The main functions of the gland are:
- Secretory - the production of prostate juice and hormones, as well as enzymes, biologically active substances and vitamins.
- Motor - release of secretions during ejaculation and control of urinary excretion.
- Endocrine - the production of certain substances (proteins) that are not transported in the circulatory system, but remain directly in the prostate.
- Barrier - protective function. The prostate also serves as a gateway that separates the flow of urine and the flow of secretions during ejaculation.
Prostatitis is very common in the field of urology. One in three older men faces him. The concern of doctors and their patients of the stronger sex is caused by the fact that pathologies of the prostate are increasingly beginning to appear in very young men. In order to avoid such a problem as much as possible and protect yourself from an insidious disease, you need to know everything about prostatitis, measures for its prevention.
Causes of the disease
There are actually many factors that cause the prostate to become inflamed. The reasons for the onset of the disease, doctors include:
- Decreased protective properties of the body. With weakened immunity, our body is unable to fight off various viruses, germs and bacteria. Infections that enter the gland cause inflammation.
- Hypothermia of the body, especially the legs. When a person is cold, their defenses are reduced, and as a result, the body can avoid infection.
- Various venereal diseases. The causative agents of these diseases have the most unfavorable effect on the prostate.
- Infections caused by various pathogens.
- Fungi can also cause inflammation.
- Stress and nervous tension can also be a provoking factor for the disease. After all, it is not for nothing that there is a truth among the people: "all diseases come from the nerves. "The psycho-emotional state of a person directly affects the state of the organs and systems of the body.
- Irregular sex life and frequent changes of partners cause illness. With an irregular sex life, stagnation of secretions forms in the prostate, which is an ideal breeding ground for pathogenic microbes and bacteria. With the frequent change of partners, the microorganisms that cause the disease also enter the body.
Among the indirect reasons, which in one way or another can also become the culprits of prostatitis, are:
- Insufficient physical activity, wearing tight uncomfortable pants.
- Bad habits (alcohol and tobacco) also cause inflammation.
- Poor quality and unbalanced diet.
Some doctors argue that the causes of prostatitis are deeply hidden at the genetic level, that is, there is a certain hereditary predisposition to the disease. But this version has not yet been proven.
Types of prostatitis
There are several classifications of the disease species. There are different types of prostatitis depending on its occurrence, duration and the nature of the course of the disease.
Depending on the factors that provoke the disease, the following types of pathology are distinguished:
- Infectious prostatitis. The danger of this type of pathology is that the infection can affect not only the prostate, but also nearby organs (bladder and intestines). The pathology occurs with a decrease in the body's defenses. The disease is caused by the herpes virus, cytomegalovirus infection and even the common influenza virus. A characteristic feature of this type of disease is the general weakness of the body at the onset of the disease. At the initial stage, a person complains of general malaise, an increase in body temperature, and only after some time painful and uncomfortable sensations appear in the lower abdomen and during urination.
- Bacterial prostatitis is caused by the ingestion of various bacteria: intestinal, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, mycoplasma, staphylococcus aureus, Trichomonas and chlamydia. The infection enters the gland in different ways: through the urethra (with promiscuous sex, insufficient personal hygiene), through the blood (with angina, pneumonia, etc. ), through the lymph (with syphilis, diabetes, tuberculosis).
- Congestive prostatitis. This kind of disease occurs with congestion in the organ. This happens with irregular sex life, as well as poor-quality ejaculation. Insufficient ejaculation occurs with masturbation or interrupted sex. Then an insignificant part of the juice from the prostate remains in the organ and stagnates, causing the appearance of inflammatory processes. Sedentary work and insufficient physical activity can also provoke stagnant processes in the gland.
By the nature and duration of the course, the disease can be acute or chronic:
- Acute prostatitis manifests itself violently, is characterized by strongly pronounced symptoms. Although this form of the disease is more painful and uncomfortable, it is impossible not to notice and trigger it. The acute form of the disease is also divided into subspecies, or stages: catarrhal, follicular and parenchymal varieties. At the very beginning of the disease, a catarrhal form occurs, it is easier and faster to treat. But if a person still manages to ignore acute symptoms and trigger the disease, then he turns into more complex forms: follicular and parenchymal.
- Chronic prostatitis is insidious for its asymptomatic or mild symptoms. A person may either experience no worsening at all or experience and ignore mild symptoms. This type of pathology may not appear for several years, but it may be revealed by pure chance during a routine medical examination.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms can be varied. Most often, the disease makes itself felt with the following signs:
- Painful sensations when urinating, frequent urge to go to the toilet. In this case, the flow of urine may be impaired.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, perineum and testicles.
- Erectile dysfunction, oppression of libido.
- Painful sensations during intercourse.
- General weakness, increased body temperature.
Diagnosis and treatment of pathology
Prostatitis can be diagnosed with the help of special tests, including:
- Examination of the fingers. An experienced doctor, when palpating an organ through the rectum, can determine the size of the gland (the inflamed organ increases in size).
- Ultrasound diagnostics (TRUS). Palpation alone will not be enough, and in order to accurately determine the condition of the organ, it is necessary to conduct rectal ultrasound diagnostics. In this case, the gland is diagnosed by the rectum.
- Various tests are also needed in order to accurately identify the causative agent of the disease. For this, blood, urine and prostate secretion tests are carried out.
Treatment of pathology depends entirely on the form of its course, stage and cause of its occurrence. There is no universal drug for the treatment of prostatitis. Adequate treatment can be prescribed exclusively by a specialist doctor on an individual basis, based on the results of tests and diagnoses.
Depending on the form of the disease, as well as the drugs, the doctor may prescribe such an effective remedy for prostatitis as prostate massage. It is a massage that removes congestion in the organ and stimulates the proper functioning of the gland.
Important!Self-medication for prostatitis is unacceptable, it can only aggravate the disease and provoke its transition to a chronic form.
The best preventive measures are:
- Regular sex life with a regular partner.
- Avoid hypothermia.
- Physical activity.
- Balanced diet and rejection of bad habits.
- Strengthening the immune system.
- Regular examinations by a doctor in order to identify and rule out the asymptomatic form of the disease.
Only a respectful attitude towards your health will allow you to avoid many problems, including those related to the prostate.
By knowing everything about the prostate, you can prevent the onset of pathology. This is very important, because "male" health and reproductive function depend on the prostate. And a regular and high-quality sex life is also a guarantee of an excellent psycho-emotional state of representatives of a strong statistic.